Fuad Mohamed Qalaf
Travel History: Sweden (1992)
In 1992, Fuad Mohamed Qalaf was granted assylum in Sweden where became a preacher in a mosque in Stockholm, radicalising youths to participate in jihad and collecting funds for the Islamic Courts in Somalia. In 2004, Qalaf went back to Somalia to join the Islamic Courts, becoming a senior leader and head of the Education Department. Qalaf later went on to serve on the Shura Council of Al-Shabaab and as the organisation’s chief fundraiser.
By 2010, Shongole formed part of a simmering faction against the former leader, Ahmed Abdi Godane, after his incessant attacks against the group’s strategic partner, Hizbul Islam and its leader Hassan Dahir Aweys in the midst of their merger in 2010. Nonetheless, Qalaf has managed to escape several attempts on his life despite a $5 million bounty on his head.